The Ultimate Guide to Senecio Haworthii Care: Tips and Tricks for a Thriving Succulent

Senecio haworthii, Cocoon Plant or Woolly Senecio

One of the most revered succulents by florists is Senecio haworthii, also known as Cocoon Plant or Woolly Senecio. Its cylindrical, fleshy leaves look spectacular against other plants. In this article, we will look at the history of its discovery, its features and characteristics, and a detailed guide to caring for this plant indoors.

Classification and Description of the Succulent Senecio haworthii

Plant сlassification
Scientific name: Senecio haworthii
Synonyms: Cacalia haworthii, Kleinia haworthii, Cacalia canescens, Caputia tomentosa, Cacalia tomentosa
Common name: Cocoon Plant or Woolly Senecio
Family: Asteraceae
Subfamily: Asteroideae
genus: Senecio

Senecio haworthii was first discovered in South Africa in the early 19th century by a British botanist named Adrian Hardy Haworth. He was the first to describe the species in his ‘Miscellanea naturalia’ in 1803. Haworth was known for his knowledge of succulent taxonomy and contributed greatly to the classification of the genus Senecio.

Photos of Senecio haworthii in nature

Senecio haworthii is native to the Western Cape region of South Africa, where it is found in rocky, arid desert environments. In the wild, it can be found between 3,000 and 4,000 feet (900 and 1,200 meters). The genus Senecio belongs to the Asteraceae family. It is closely related to other succulents such as Senecio articulatus and Senecio rowleyanus.
Woolly Senecio is a small, slow-growing succulent that forms dense, woolly rosettes of leaves. The leaves are fleshy, erect, cylindrical to spindle-shaped, slightly serrated at the tips, and up to 2 inches (5 cm) long. The leaves are green, but the upper surface is densely covered with white hairs, giving the plant a white appearance. The leaves form rosettes about 2-4 inches (5-10 cm) in diameter. Photos of flowers Senecio haworthii
With proper care, it can produce small yellow daisy-like flowers in the summer.

How to grow Senecio haworthii indoors

The Cocoon Plant is a low-maintenance succulent that is easy to care for as long as its basic needs are met. Here is a detailed guide to caring for this plant indoors.


Woolly Senecio prefers a well-drained soil that is slightly acidic or neutral. To grow this plant, you can use a quality commercial succulent mix or make your own by mixing equal parts sand or fine pumice, perlite, and potting soil.

Succulent care information


Senecio haworthii likes bright, indirect sunlight. It can tolerate some direct sun, but too much can cause sunburn. If the plant begins to elongate or bend towards the light, this is a sign that it needs more light.

Temperature and humidity

The Cocoon plant prefers a temperature of 60-80°F (15-26°C). The plant can tolerate slightly lower temperatures in winter, but avoid temperatures below 40°F (4°C).

The Cocoon plant

Senecio haworthii prefers low to moderate humidity. It can tolerate dry air, but do not place it near drafts or vents.


During the growing season (spring and summer), water Senecio haworthii when the soil is dry to the touch. Water deeply, but allow the soil to dry out completely between waterings. Reduce watering to once a month during the winter.


Senecio haworthii does not need frequent feeding, but you can feed it once a month during the growing season with a well-balanced fertilizer diluted to half strength.

Winter care

As described above, the Cocoon plant is dormant during the winter. During this time, reduce watering and avoid fertilizing. Cocoon Plant or Woolly SenecioTry to keep the plant in a warm room where the temperature does not drop below 40°F (4°C).

Pruning Senecio Haworthii

It is worth pruning the stem when the upright stability begins to deteriorate under the weight of new branches and leaves. This should be done in early spring. Save stem cuttings for propagation. Expect new branches to grow at the pruning site.


Photo of Senecio haworthii in the greenhouse
Photo of Senecio haworthii in the greenhouse (

Обрезайте листья этого растения только в том случае, если какой-либо из них подвергся неправильному обращению или поврежден из-за вредителей, болезней или чрезмерного полива.

How to grow Senecio haworthii

Senecio haworthii is a relatively easy plant to propagate. It can be propagated by stem cuttings or by leaf cuttings. Let us describe both methods of succulent propagation.

Stem cuttings

Stem cuttings

  • Take a stem cutting of Senecio haworthii that is at least 4 inches (10 cm) long.
  • Remove the leaves from the bottom 2 inches (5 cm) of the stem.
  • Allow the cuttings to dry for a few days, then plant them in well-drained soil.
  • Water sparingly and keep the cuttings in a warm, bright spot with indirect sunlight.

In a few weeks, the cuttings will begin to root and new leaves will appear.

Leaf propagation

  • Take a healthy Cocoon plant and let it dry out for a few days until the cut end is calloused.
  • Plant the leaf in well-drained soil and water sparingly.
  • Place the cuttings in a warm, bright location with indirect sunlight.

In a few weeks, new roots will begin to grow from the cut end of the leaf and a small shoot will emerge from the base of the leaf.

Problems with growing Senecio haworthii


If Woolly Senecio is overwatered or exposed to prolonged wet conditions, it may be susceptible to root rot. This disease can cause wilting, yellowing, and eventual death of the plant. To prevent root rot, make sure the plant is grown in well-drained soil and water infrequently.

Insect Pests

Senecio haworthii is fairly resistant to pests. However, the plant may occasionally be attacked by mealybugs and spider mites. Mealy bugs are small, white insects that can be found on the leaves and stems of the plant in the form of cotton balls. Spider mites are tiny, spider-like insects that can create cobwebs and damage leaves.
To prevent and treat pests during the growing season, inspect the plant regularly for signs of infestation, especially on the underside of the leaves and along the stem. Remove any infested leaves or stems and treat the plant with a natural insecticide such as neem oil or insecticidal soap.

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